( 1996. )
Hungarian military aviation has a good tradition. The heroic Hungarian pilots
of the WWII. established worthily the base of the Hungarian military aviation.
In fact there is no Hungarian Airforce but this term refers to the air units
of the Hungarian Defence Forces. Air units are under the control of the
Hungarian Airdefence Headquarters. The airforce operates a complete unit at
each airbase which are usually form a regiment with an own command structure.
After the political changes in the early '90s the units got own names beside
The situation of the Hungarian Airforce
Hungarian pilots has the most flight time in the '80s which exceeded the 100
hours a year. This number is descending more and more since that and by 1995.
it reached the annual 50-60 hours. As the budget of the Ministery of Defence
provided less money for 1996. there were two choices for the future. They
provide 30-40 hours flight time for every pilot or they provide some 80-90
hours for some pilots while the others fly only a few hours to keep their
capacity for fly. Even the first possibility was bad for the pilots because
even the annual 60 hours flight was not enough to keep the skill of pilots they
reached by years of hard training. In case of the second possibility the best
pilots would fly enough to keep or even encrease their skill and they could
take the other pilots to their skill level in a while if it is necessery. The
ommited pilots would have language and theoretical training in the same time.
Eventually the second possibility was chosed and the annual flight time of the
pilots is about 40 hours at the moment. On the other hand we could say that
Hungarian pilots always achieved the appreciation of the western military
pilots visited to Hungary who often has more than 200 flight hours a year.
- 3 tactical fighter regiments with 7 squadrons
- 1 helicopter regiment with 5 squadrons
- 1 mixed transport aircraft brigade with 4 squadrons
- 1 mixed transport aircraft division
- 3 training squadrons
Currently operating types
- fighter aircrafts
- 22/6 MiG-29 A/UB
- 10/2 MiG-23 MF/UB
- 32/8 MiG-21 bis/UM
- attack/reconnaissance aircrafts
- training aircrafts
- transport aircrafts
- 39 Mi-24 D (2)
- 48 Mi-8 TB/Mi-17
- 35 Mi-2
The units of the Hungarian Airforce
59th Dezsô Szentgyörgyi Tactical Fighter Regiment - Kecskemét
This is the most important unit in the airforce. The task of the unit is the
airdefence of the E part of Hungary. Both squadrons are flying with MiG-29
which is currently the most modern type of the Hungarian Airforce.
- 2 squadrons ( 22/6 ) MiG-29 A/UB
47th Pápa Tactical Fighter Regiment - Pápa
This unit is responsible for the airdefence of the NW part of Hungary. This
regiment was the most important unit in Hungary for a long because here operate
the 1 squadron MiG-23 aircraft which was the most advanced fighter of the
airforce until the arrival of the MiG-29. Beside the MiG-23s also this is the
homebase of 1 squadron MiG-21.
- 1 squadron ( 10/2 ) MiG-23 MF/UB
- 1 squadron ( 12/2 ) MiG-21 bis/UM
31st Kapos Tactical Fighter Regiment -
The unit's task is the airdefence of the SW part of Hungary. This is the only
one fighter regiment which has three squadrons. Beside the special attack/
reconnaissance Su-22 squadron two MiG-21 squadrons are also based here.
- 1 squadron ( 9/2 ) Su-22 M3/UM3
- 2 squadron ( 20/6 ) MiG-21 bis/UM
87th Bakony Helicopter Regiment - Szentkirályszabadja
This is the only one unit which operate attack helicopters. Beside the two
squadrons Mi-24 one squadron Mi-8 and Mi-17 and one special electronic
countermeasure Mi-17 squadron are also based here.
- 2 squadrons ( 39 ) Mi-24 D
- 1 squadron Mi-8
- 1 squadron Mi-17
- 1 squadron ( 2 ) Mi-17 PP
89th Szolnok Mixed Transport Aircraft Brigade - Szolnok
The task of the unit is the transportation of the political and military
leadership of the country and other transport missions for the Hungarian
Defence Forces. This is performed by 1 squadron An-26 transport aircraft,
2 squadrons Mi-8 and 1 squadron Mi-2 transport helicopter.
- 1 squadron An-26
- 2 squadrons Mi-8
- 1 squadrons Mi-2
Vitéz László Háry Mixed Transport Aircraft Division - Tököl
The task of the division is the transportation of the political and military
leadership of the country. This is performed by An-26, L-410 and Z-43
- ( 2 ) An-26
- ( 2 ) L-410
Szolnok Airforce Academy - Szolnok
The academy trains and instructs the pilots and the technicians for the
airforce. The academy has 1 squadron propeller driven Jak-52 and 1 squadron
L-39 jet trainig aircrafts and 1 squadron Mi-2 training helicopter.
- 1 squadron ( 12 ) Jak-52
- 1 squadron ( 19 ) L-39 ZO
- 1 squadron Mi-2
In spite of Hungary has an own Airforce Academy for a long the training of
military pilots was conducted abroad untill the near past.
Special rescue service
Similarly to other airforces Hungarian Airforce also has special forces which
are trained to find and rescue the crew and the passengers of the crashed
military or commercial aircrafts.
Hungarian Airforce lost 18 aircrafts and 9 pilots since 1981. Since 1990. 4
MiG-23s, 3 MiG-21s, 2 Su-22s, 1 L-39 were crashed and 7 pilots were lost due
to the accidents.
Similarly to other former Warsaw Pact countries the Hungarian Airforce is also
based on the MiG-21 aircrafts which were excellent fighters in their time but
they became quite old fashioned by now. They must be replaced in a few years
such as the MiG-23s. So by the millennium only 2 squadrons MiG-29 would remain
which will able to protect the Hungarian airspace.